Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is located in Haarlemmermeer, North Holland Province, 9 km from Amsterdam. It is also called Schiphol Airport (Dutch: Luchthaven Schiphol).
There will be nearly 72 million passenger traffic in 2019. Its annual cargo volume is 1.74 million tons. In 2010, 106 airlines regularly offered a total of 301 destinations.
- Schiphol was opened as a military air base on September 16, 1916. After the end of the First World War, the airport eventually lost its military function completely, and in 1919 Schiphol Airport was converted to civilian use.
- In 1940, Schiphol Airport with 4 asphalt runways was occupied by the German military and was renamed Schiphol Airport. In a major attack on December 13, 1943. The airport was unusable due to huge losses. After the war, the airport quickly recovered.
- In 1949, the new terminal was completed and it was decided that Schiphol Airport would become the main airport in the Netherlands.
- In 1967, Schiphol expanded further, adding a new dock area to its current location. Most of the 1967 terminal buildings are still in use today (Departure Hall 1 and 2), and part of the original terminal (now called C, D, and E) is still in use.
- In 1970, the airport’s Terminal A (now Terminal C) was modified to allow Boeing 747 aircraft to use the boarding gate.
- In 1977, Terminal F was opened to handle wide-body aircraft. In 1978, the airport established its first railway station.
- In 1991, a new air traffic control tower was built at Schiphol Airport.
- In 1993, Terminal 3 and another terminal G-pier were added to the terminal.
- In 2003, the sixth runway was put into use at the airport.
- In 2007, the airport was expanded and a new Terminal 4 was added, although it is not considered a separate building.
- Amsterdam Airport Schiphol was named the best airport in Western Europe in 2020.
Schiphol adopts a one-stop concept, that is, all facilities are located under a single roof and radiate from the central square Schiphol Plaza.
The terminal building is divided into three parts or halls designated as 1, 2 and 3. The pier and the hall of each hall are connected together (except for the M pier).
Schiphol Airport has approximately 223 gates, including 18 dual jet access gates for wide-body aircraft.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has a large shopping area that can be used as a source of income and attract tourists.
Schiphol Plaza not only connects the three halls, but also has a large shopping mall and train station, which also attracts tourists.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Data
- Western Europe
- In use
- Other name
- Luchthaven Schiphol, Schiphol Airport
- Haarlemmermeer, North Holland
- Royal Schiphol Group
- Official website
- Royal Schiphol Group
- Sep-16, 1916
- Airport type
- Airport code
- IATA: AMSICAO: EHAM
- Airport area
- 6870 acres / 27.8 km²
- Runway length
- 1*3,800 m, 1*3,500 m, 1*3,453 m, 1*3,400 m, 1*3,300 m, 1*2,014 m
- Passenger traffic
- 71.7 million(2019)
- Freight volume
- 1,570,261 tons (2019)
- Takeoffs and landings
- 496,826 sorties
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