Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (Chinese:广州白云国际机场) is located in Baiyun District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, China. It is about 28 kilometers away from Guangzhou city center. It is the earliest large-scale airport in China.
The old Baiyun Airport was built in 1932. In 1963, it was renamed Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. On August 5, 2004, the new Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was officially opened.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport covers an area of 3558 acres / 14.4 km². In 2018, the passenger throughput of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was 73.3 million. The cargo and mail throughput is 1.8905 million tons. There were 477,300 takeoffs and landings.
Old China Period
- In the winter of 1932, the National Revolutionary Army began to requisition land in the outskirts of Guangzhou and built the old Baiyun Airport.
- In November 1933, Baiyun Airport was completed, and Guangdong Aviation School moved in from Tianhe Airport to become a flight training base for flight students.
- In October 1938, Baiyun Airport was invaded by Japanese troops. The Japanese military airport was expanded, extending the runway to 1,200 meters northward, widening it to 100 meters, and thickening it to 0.1 meters, and added a secondary runway with the same length and width as the runway. The total area of the airport was expanded to 1.34 million square meters.
- In December 1948, the Civil Aviation Bureau of the Ministry of Communications of the National Government invested heavily in the expansion of Baiyun Airport, which was completed on May 2, 1949 and put into use on July 1, with a total investment of 68 million yuan in gold coupons.
New China period
- In February 1963, the Air Force moved away from Baiyun Airport, and Baiyun Airport was changed to a civilian airport. In October, the name of Guangzhou Baiyun Airport was changed to “Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport”.
- In April 1967, the expansion of Baiyun Airport was completed, adding an area of 725,300 square meters.
- In 1992, the site selection work for the new airport began, and the final site was selected at the junction of Xinhua Street, Huashan Town, Huadong Town and Renhe Town in Huadu District, 28 kilometers north of the city, occupying a larger area than the original airport. Nearly 5 times larger.
- In 1994, the airport became China’s first airport with a passenger throughput exceeding 10 million.
- In August 2000, construction of the new airport officially started at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan (2.5 billion US dollars). It was completed on August 2, 2004 and officially opened at 0:00 on August 5 of the same year. The old Baiyun Airport was also closed.
- In February 2013, the expansion project of Terminal 2 of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport started.
- In February 2015, the third runway of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was put into use.
- In April 2018, Terminal 2 was officially put into use.
- On September 27, 2020, the third phase of the expansion project started. The main project includes two new runways, a 420,000 square meter T3 terminal and an apron with more than 190 aircraft seats.
Main building parameters
The first phase of the new Baiyun Airport has invested 19.6 billion yuan. The new airport covers an area of 3558 acres / 14.4 km², which is 4.5 times that of the old airport. It has 2 terminal buildings with an area of 163 acres / 658000 m².
There are 3 runways, the lengths of which are 3800 meters, 3800 meters, and 3,600 meters. The first-phase freight warehouse covers an area of 80,000 square meters, and is designed according to the annual throughput of 1 million tons of cargo and mail lines.
It has 269 standard seats (including FBO), which can guarantee an annual passenger throughput of 80 million passengers, a cargo and mail throughput of 2.5 million tons, and aircraft takeoffs and landings of 620,000 sorties.
A total of more than 220 navigation points in China and abroad have been opened, including nearly 90 international and regional destinations. The route network covers five continents.
The expansion project of Terminal 2 of Baiyun Airport started in February 2013 and was officially put into use in April 2018. With an area of more than 658,000 square meters, Terminal 2 is one of the largest airport terminal facilities in the world. It can handle 80 million passengers, 2.5 million tons of cargo and mail, and 620,000 aircraft movements every year.
Phase III expansion (Terminal 3)
On September 27, 2020, the third-phase expansion project of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport started. The main project includes two new runways, a 420,000 square meter T3 terminal building and an apron with more than 190 seats. The total investment exceeds 50 billion yuan (7.5 billion US dollars).
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Data
- East Asia
- In use
- Official name
- Baiyun–Huadu Districts, Guangzhou, Guangdong
- Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
- Official website
- Guangdong Airport Authority
- Nov, 1933
- Airport type
- Airport code
- IATA: CANICAO: ZGGGWMO: 59287
- Airport area
- 3558 acres / 14.4 km²
- Main terminal area
- 163 acres / 658000 m²
- Runway length
- 1*3,600 m, 2*3,800 m
- Passenger traffic
- 73.3 million(2019)
- Freight volume
- 1,919,926 tons (2019)
- Takeoffs and landings
- 491,249 sorties
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