President Bridge ( Russian: Президентский мост ) is located in Ulyanovsk Oblast in western Russia. It crosses the Volga River. Linked Leninskiy Rayon and Zavolzhskiy Rayon. It is a metal double-layer composite beam bridge.
The bridge was built in 1986. Due to the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the Russian economy, the construction of the bridge was suspended for a long time. It was not opened to traffic until November 2009. The construction period is as long as 23 years.
The President Bridge itself is 3.6 mi (5.8 km) long, but the entire project (including the road) is 9.9 mi (16 km) long, and Length over water is 2.9 mi (4.7 km). It has 4 lanes, 2 bicycle lanes and 2 sidewalks. It cost 38.4 billion rubles (US $530 million) .
For the Soviet Union, the Ulyanovsk transportation hub has important strategic significance. In the 1980s, the existing urban bridge sections and railroad tracks in the Ulyanovsk region were seriously aging and urgently needed replacement of new transportation facilities.
The bridge is planned as an important part of the Trans-Siberian Railway. It will improve transportation services in the Ulyanovsk region and the Middle Volga region. Improve the quality of life of the urban population and greatly reduce the negative impact on the environment.
- 1980: The design of the second bridge on the Volga River in Ulyanovsk began (the first was the Imperial Bridge).
Start of construction
- February 26, 1986: Construction of the bridge began in the spring. A construction site and supporting infrastructure were built in Mostootryad-121 village to prepare for the construction of the main bridge.
- November 23, 1988: The bridge project was approved by the RSFSR Council of Ministers, with a target cost of 400 million rubles (calculated in 1984 prices, the ruble depreciated sharply after the collapse of the Soviet Union), and the construction period was 9 years.
- 1988: The first bridge column (No. 14) started pouring concrete.
- August 10, 1991: The first span connecting the 11th pier and the 12th pier was installed.
- On June 23, 1992, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union (1988-1991), Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Government Decree No. 424, which planned the project to be completed in 1996.
- From April 1995 to April 1998, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian economy regressed sharply, and the bridge project was suspended due to lack of funds.
- October 8, 1998: Decree No. 1176 of the Government of the Russian Federation decided to restore the construction of bridges, but did not implement it.
The bridge was included in the 2002-2010 federal goal plan “Modernization of the Russian transportation system” and is an important part of the transportation corridor connecting the European part of Russia with the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
- April 16, 2003: The bridge restart plan was approved by the government, the design and budget funds for the bridge restart project were passed, and the first phase of a bridge span after the restart was started. This metal span is designed by JSC “Giprotransmost”.
- November 24, 2009: The opening ceremony of the first phase of the bridge was held. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Azerbaijani President Ilam Aliyev attended the meeting. To commemorate this event, the bridge was named President Bridge.
- February 12, 2020: At the enlarged meeting of the Economic Policy Committee of the Council of the Russian Federation, it was approved to allocate 3.3 billion rubles (43 million US dollars) to the Ulyanovsk region from 2021 to 2023. Construction of the second phase of President Bridge.
Building technical parameters
The President Bridge project consists of the main bridge and the highway section.
The President Bridge itself is 3.6 mi (5.8 km) long, but the entire project (including the road) is 9.9 mi (16 km) long, and Length over water is 2.9 mi (4.7 km).
President Bridge is composed of 22 metal spans and 2 overpasses.
- Each bridge quasi-span is 725 ft (221 m) long and weighs more than 4000 tons. The width of the bridge (upper level) is 82 ft (25 m).
- The overpass on the west bank is 961 ft (293 m) long and 36 ft (11 m) high, and the overpass on the east bank is 794 ft (242 m) long and 197 ft (60 m) high.
- The width of the upper floor is 82 ft (25 m), the effective width is 69 ft (21 m), the sidewalk is 5 ft (1.5 m), the bicycle lane is 3 ft (1 m), each direction has 2 lanes, a total of 4 There are two lanes with a partition in the middle.
- The width of the lower level (the second stage of the building) is 43 ft (13 m). It is planned to carry a 2-lane high-speed tram along it.
The design speed of the bridge is 90 km/h. In winter, in order to ensure the safety of crossing the bridge, the speed is limited to 60 km/h. Bicycles are allowed on the side of the bridge. Stopping on the bridge is prohibited.
The road section is 6.3 mi (10.2 km) long and includes 4 overpasses.
The width of the roadbed (left and right bank) leading to the bridge is 113 ft (34.5 m). The traffic intensity on the bridge reaches about 30,000 vehicles per day.
The extension of the bridge construction period greatly increases the cost of the bridge.
The total construction period of the first stage of the bridge is 23 years, which is 14 years longer than the standard construction period, resulting in an increase of 14 billion rubles in the cost of facilities (an average annual inflation increase of 1 billion rubles).
It cost 38.4 billion rubles (US $530 million).
President Bridge Data
- Eastern Europe
- In use
- Official name
- Президентский мост
- Other name
- Prezidentskiy Most
- Volga River in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia
- JSC “”St. Petersburg Baltic Construction Company””
- 38.4 billion rubles (US $530 million )
- Feb-26, 1986
- Nov-24, 2009
- Total length
- 3.6 mi ( 5.8 km )
- main bridge length
- 3.6 mi ( 5.8 km )
- Length over water
- 2.9 mi ( 4.7 km )
- Bridge section length
- 3.6 mi ( 5.8 km )
- 113 ft ( 34.5 m )
- Deck height
- 11m – 60m
- Design type
- Two floors, steel beam
- Design speed
- 90 km / h
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