Suramadu Bridge (Indonesian: Jembatan Suramadu) is located in East Java, Indonesia. It crosses Madura Strait and connects Java Island (in Surabaya) and Madura Island (in Bangkalan). It is also called Surabaya–Madura Bridge, and is the first cross-sea bridge to cross the Madura Strait.
The bridge is 3.4 mi (5.4 km) long and has a longest span of 1424 ft (434 m). It was built on August 20, 2003 and officially opened to traffic on June 10, 2009. It cost 4.5 trillion Rp (US$445 million).
Early planning with the Japanese consortium
- 1960s: Professor Sedyatmo, a famous Indonesian engineer from Bandung Institute of Technology, first proposed the idea of building a bridge.
- Mid-1980s: The staff of the Indonesian National Planning Bureau met with Japanese donors to discuss the construction of the bridge.
- Early 1990: A pre-feasibility study of the bridge was conducted.
- December 1990: President Suharto appointed a team of ministers and advisors to consider plans for the bridge. Later, a consortium consisting of Indonesian state-owned enterprise PT Jasa Marga and other Indonesian companies and Japanese companies was established to build bridges.
Cooperation with China
- 1997-1998: The Asian financial crisis broke out, Indonesia’s economy was affected, and the bridge construction plan was shelved.
- 2000: The East Java Provincial Government re-planned the bridge construction plan and decided to cooperate with Chinese companies. The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT Adhi Karya and PT Waskita Karya in cooperation with China Highway and Bridge Corporation and China Port Engineering Co., Ltd.
- August 20, 2003: Indonesia’s general president Megawati attended the foundation laying ceremony of the bridge, and construction of the bridge began.
- End of 2004: Due to lack of funds, the bridge’s construction was suspended.
- November 2005: Construction of the bridge restarted.
- March 31, 2009: The bridge was completed.
- June 10, 2009: General President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono held the opening ceremony of the bridge, and the Suramadu Bridge was officially opened to traffic.
- At the beginning of 2016: Bridge tolls were reduced by 50% to help improve the industrial competitiveness of the Madura side of the bridge.
- October 27, 2018: Tolls for all types of vehicles on Suramadu Bridge are abolished.
Building technical parameters
The Suramadu Bridge is 3.4 mi (5.4 km) long and has a longest span of 1424 ft (434 m).
The bridge deck is 98 ft (30 m) wide. It has 4 lanes with a width of 11 ft (3.5 m) and 2 emergency lanes with a width of 9 ft (2.8 m). The two outer sides of the bridge are dedicated lanes for motorcycles.
Suramadu Bridge consists of three parts, namely the main cable-stayed bridge, Causeway, and approach bridge.
Main cable stayed bridge
The main bridge is a cable-stayed bridge. Its twin towers are 479 ft (146 m) high and the main span is 1424 ft (434 m) long. Two side spans are 630 ft (192 m).
The clearance height under the bridge is 115 ft (35 m), and it can pass the freighter crossing the Madura Strait.
The bridge provides four two-way lanes with a width of 3.5 meters and two emergency lanes with a width of 2.75 meters. The bridge also provides dedicated lanes for motorcyclists on each outside of the bridge.
The approach bridge connects the main bridge with the Causeway. The bridge consists of two parts, each of which is 2205 ft (672 m) long.
The approach bridge adopts a box-shaped concrete support structure, each span is 262 ft (80 m), each side has 7 spans, and is supported by a supporting foundation with a diameter of 180 cm.
Causeway is on the 2 sides of the main bridge.
The Causeway on the Surabaya side is 4783 ft (1458 m) long and has 36 spans.
The Causeway on the Madura side is 964 ft (1818 m) long and has 45 spans.
Causeway uses PCI support structure, each span is 131 ft (40 m) in length and is supported by a 60 cm diameter steel pipe foundation.
Suramadu Bridge Data
- Southeast Asia
- In use
- Official name
- Jembatan Nasional Surabaya–Madura
- Other name
- Surabaya–Madura Bridge, Jembatan Suramadu
- East Java, Indonesia
- PT Adhi Karya, PT Waskita Karya, China Highway and Bridge Corporation, China Port Engineering Co., Ltd.
- PT Jasa Marga (provisional)
- 4.5 trillion Rp (US$445 million)
- Aug-20, 2003
- Construction end
- Mar-01, 2009
- Jun-10, 2009
- Total length
- 3.4 mi ( 5.4 km )
- Tall (tower)
- 479 ft ( 146 m )
- Length over water
- 3.3 mi ( 5.4 km )
- 98 ft ( 30 m )
- Deck height
- 115 ft ( 35 m )
- Longest span
- 1424 ft ( 434 m )
- Design type
- Cable stayed bridge, Box girder bridge
- Road scale
- 4 lanes, 2 emergency lanes, 2 motorcycle lanes.
- Madura Strait
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