Kennedy International Airport

Kennedy International Airport is located in Queens, New York, USA, 16 miles (26 kilometers) from Midtown Manhattan. Its official name is John F. Kennedy International Airport.

The airport has 6 passenger terminals and 4 runways. It is one of the busiest airports in the United States, receiving 62.5 million passengers in 2019. More than 90 airlines operate at the airport.

The facility opened in 1948 as the New York International Airport. In 1963, John F. Kennedy was assassinated and the airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport in honor of President Kennedy.

John F. Kennedy International Airport aerial view
John F. Kennedy International Airport aerial view


  • On July 1, 1948, Idlewild Airport (the predecessor of Kennedy International Airport) opened, and President Truman attended the opening ceremony.
  • By 1954, Idlewild had become the country with the highest international air traffic among all airports in the world.
  • In December 1957, the International Arrivals Building (IAB) at the airport opened. It was demolished in 2000 and replaced by Terminal 4.
  • In October 1959, Terminal 7 (later renamed Terminal 9) opened for business and was finally demolished in 2008.
  • In February 1960, Terminal 8 opened. This building was demolished in 2007 to make room for the new Terminal 8.
  • The World Port (later Terminal 3) was opened in 1960. It is characterized by a large oval roof, suspended by 32 sets of radial columns and cables. The World Port was demolished in 2013.
  • In 1962, the TWA flight center of TWA opened. After the demise of TWA in 2001, the terminal remained vacant until a new 26-gate Terminal 5 (now T5 terminal) was constructed in 2005 and opened on October 22, 2008.
John F. Kennedy International Airport Terminals Map
John F. Kennedy International Airport Terminals Map
  • Terminal T5 connects the central Saarinen building to the building through the original passenger departure pipeline, which connects the building to the outer gates. Since then, the original Saarinen terminal (also known as the head office) has been converted into the TWA Hotel.
  • In November 1962, Terminal 2 opened. Between 1989 and 1991, the terminal was renovated and expanded at a cost of 120 million US dollars.
  • National Airlines opened Sundrome (later Terminal 6) in 1969. In 2008, this terminal was demolished.
  • In 1970, Terminal 7 opened.
  • The AirTrain JFK MRT system began construction in 1998. It was opened on December 17, 2003. The rail network connects various airport terminals to the New York City Subway and the Long Island Railroad in Howard Beach and Jamaica.
  • The airport’s new Terminal 1 opened on May 28, 1998;
JFK Airport Terminal 4
JFK Airport Terminal 4
  • On May 24, 2001, Terminal 4 opened. It cost 1.4 billion US dollars to replace the international arrivals building. JetBlue’s Terminal 5 merged with the TWA Flight Center, while Terminals 8 and 9 were demolished and converted into Terminal 8 at the American Airlines Center.
  • The Port Authority Committee approved a US$20 million planning study in 2008 to rebuild terminals 2 and 3 of the Delta Air Lines hub.
  • In August 2007, Terminal 8 officially opened.
  • On March 19, 2007, Kennedy International Airport became the first airport in the United States to receive Airbus A380 flights.
  • In 2008, Terminal 5 opened.
  • On January 7, 2020, the construction of Terminal 8 will be expanded and improved.
Overview John F. Kennedy International Airport
Overview John F. Kennedy International Airport

Future plan

  • In October 2018, Cuomo released the details of a $13 billion plan to rebuild JFK’s passenger transportation facilities and methods.
  • Two brand new international terminals will be built, and the total number of gates will increase from 128 to 149. One of the terminal buildings, costing 7 billion U.S. dollars, replaced terminals 1 and 2 with 23 gate structures.
  • If approved, construction work is expected to begin in 2020. According to the plan, the first batch of doors will be opened in 2023, and the project will be completed in 2025.


JFK International Airport has 6 terminals with a total of 128 gates. Terminals are numbered 1-8, but terminal 3 (demolished in 2013) and terminal 6 (demolished in 2011) are skipped.

The terminal building is connected through the AirTrain system and channel.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 opened in 1998. It and Terminal 4 are the two terminals at JFK Airport that can handle Airbus A380 aircraft. There are 11 boarding gates in Terminal 1.


Terminal 2

Terminal 2 opened in 1962. Since the addition of Terminal 4 in May 2013, Terminal 2 has been designated as a Type C gate by Delta Air Lines and has 11 jetway-equipped boarding gates. Mouth (C60–C70).

Terminal 4

Terminal 4 replaced the previous International Arrivals building in May 2001. It covers an area of ​​1.5 million square feet (140,000 m2) and cost 1.4 billion US dollars.

Terminal 4 has 38 gates in two halls. AirTrain station is inside Terminal 4 (AirTrain stations in other terminals are outside).

Kennedy International Airport Terminal 5
Kennedy International Airport Terminal 5

Terminal 5

Terminal 5 was opened for JetBlue in 2008. Terminal 5 has 29 boarding gates.

Terminal 7

Terminal 7 was built in 1970. Between 1989 and 1991, the terminal was renovated and expanded at a cost of 120 million US dollars. In 1997, the Port Authority approved British Airways’ plan to refurbish and expand the terminal, which was completed in 2003. The refurbished terminal has 12 gates.

JFK Airport Terminal 7
JFK Airport Terminal 7

Terminal 8

Terminal 8 is the main hub of Oneworld, where American Airlines operates the hub. The terminal was officially opened from 2005 to August 2007.

There are 29 gates in Terminal 8, which is twice the size of Madison Square Garden. It provides dozens of retail and food stores, 84 ticket counters, 44 self-service kiosks, 10 security checkpoint channels and U.S. Customs and Border Protection facilities, and can handle more than 1,600 people per hour.

Kennedy Airport Terminal 8
Kennedy Airport Terminal 8

Kennedy International Airport Data

North America
In use
Official name
John F. Kennedy International Airport
Other name
Idlewild Airport, New York International Airport
Queens, New York, United States
City of New York
Official website
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Jul-01, 1948
Airport type
Airport code
Airport area
5214 acres / 21.1 km²
Runway length
1*3682 m, 1*2560 m, 1*3048 m, 1*4423 m
Passenger traffic
62.5 million(2019)
Freight volume
1,435,213 tons (2019)
Takeoffs and landings
456,060 sorties

Kennedy International Airport Location On Earth

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