Bridges are one of the most intriguing types of human construction of the modern era: while they are able to create a quick passage between two distant places, they can appear, at least from a distance, to be fragile and unstable constructions – I even knew that some people have a specific fear of bridges and viaducts. The condition is called gephyrophobia.
Obviously, all constructions involve calculations and technical studies to ensure the walkways’ safety. And some of these recent constructions are impressive for their size. Others, too, managed to reach an impressive extent and even used innovative techniques and materials. Curious? Sky Marketing brings you the 9 longest bridges in the world below:
1. The Longest Bridge in the World
The Great Danyang-Kunshan Bridge has been the longest bridge in the world since 2011, when it entered the Guinness World Record. With 164.8 km in length, the construction is part of a high-speed railway connecting Beijing and Shanghai. The viaduct cost US$8.5 billion and was ready in less than five years! Despite not being visually very different from other constructions, there is no denying that the size is impressive, right?
2. World’s Longest Sea Bridge
As you can imagine, China is home to several of the bridges on this list. The Asian country is also responsible for the longest sea bridge in the world: the, which is 54 kilometers long. Connecting Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau, the structure is the largest built at sea and also the 6th largest bridge by width in the world.
3. The Longest Cable-stayed Bridge in the World
Opened in 2012, the Russky Island Bridge in Russia is 1,104 meters long on the main route and connects Russky Island to the city of Vladivostok on the Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula. After its inauguration, it became the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, which previously belonged to the Sutong Bridge, in the Chinese province of Jiangsu, with 1,088 meters in length.
4. The Highest Bridge in the World
At 565 meters high, the Beipanjiang Bridge in China is the tallest in the world. Joining the provinces of Yunnan and Guizhou over the Nizhu River, it is 1.3 kilometers long. It surpasses the Chinese bridge over the Sidu River, which was elected the tallest in the world in 2009. It also enters the ranking of the tallest the Millau Viaduct in the south of France, which is taller than the Eiffel Tower!
5. The Longest in Europe
Passing over the Tagus River, the Vasco da Gama Bridge in Portugal is the longest in Europe. It is 17.2 kilometers in length and was inaugurated in 1998. Located in the Lisbon region, it was named in honor of the famous Portuguese explorer. A curiosity: the bridge was once the scene of the largest feijoada in the world, which brought together more than 15 thousand people in a meal that entered the Guinness World Record!
6. The Longest Glass Bridge in the World
The Lianzhou Bridge in Southeast China is the longest glass bridge in the world, measuring 526.14 m! The project, by the architectural firm UAD, has three thick layers of laminated tempered glass and has a transparency index that reaches 99.15%. It is suspended between two cliffs and offers impressive views — for those who are not afraid of heights, at least!
7. Largest Pedestrian Suspension Bridge
516 Arouca bears in its name its length, 516 meters, and location, Arouca, in Portugal, about 60 kilometers southeast of Porto. Its floor was built with a metallic structure that reveals the breathtaking nature existing in the 175 meters of height that separate the bridge from the bed of the Paiva River.
8. 3D Printing on Concrete
The size of this one might not be impressive compared to the other structures on the list — it’s only 26.3 meters long — but it’s the largest 3D-printed concrete bridge in the world! It is located in Wisdom Bay Industrial Park, Baoshan District, Shanghai, and is a landmark for using 3D printing technology in architecture.
9. The Longest Wooden Bridge in the World
The U Bein Bridge in Myanmar is the longest wooden bridge in the world and is one of the symbols of the Asian country. Located on Lake Taungthaman, construction began in the 19th century and is still the longest of its kind, reaching 1,200 meters in length.