Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant

Balakovo nuclear power station ( Russian: Балаковская АЭС ) is located in the city of Balakovo, Saratov Oblast, Russia. Built on the shore of Volga River, about 900 kilometres (560 mi) south-east of Moscow, 145 km from Saratov city.

Balakovo station consists of 4 operational reactors(WER-1000), The installed capacity is 4,000 MW. Owner and operator of the nuclear power station is Rosenergoatom, It has more than 4,000 employees.

The 4 reactors at Balakovo were commissioned between 1985 and 1993.

The unit 1 at Balakovo was commissioned on December 28, 1985; the unit 2, October 10, 1987; unit 3, December 28, 1988; and the unit 4, May 12, 1993. Construction on Units 5 and 6 at Balakovo has been suspended until design changes to improve reactor safety have been completed.

Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant aerial view
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant aerial view

In recent years, Balakovo has been among the best performing plants in Russia based upon safety and reliability.

The Balakovo NPP is an acknowledged leader of the Russian nuclear industry. It was awarded the title of Russia’s Best NPP several times (according to operating results of 1995, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005-2009 and 2011-2017).

The Balakovo NPP became the winner of the 14th International Contest for the European Quality Gold Medal.

Балаковская АЭС
Балаковская АЭС


Construction began

  • Balakovo-1 1980-12-01
  • Balakovo-2 1981-08-01
  • Balakovo-3 1982-11-01
  • Balakovo-4 1984-04-01
  • Balakovo-5 1987-04-01
  • Balakovo-6 1988-05-01
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant at night
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant at night

Commission date

  • Balakovo-1 1986-05-23
  • Balakovo-2 1988-01-12
  • Balakovo-3 1989-04-08
  • Balakovo-4 1993-12-22


  • Balakovo-1 2045 planned
  • Balakovo-2 2043 planned
  • Balakovo-3 2048 planned
  • Balakovo-4 2053 planned
  • Balakovo-5 Construction suspended 1992-12-28
  • Balakovo-6 Construction suspended 1992-12-28
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant
Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant

Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant Data

Eastern Europe
In use
Official name
Балаковская АЭС
Balakovo city, Saratov Oblast, Russia
Dec-01, 1980
May-23, 1986
Installed capacity
4,000 MW MW
Units operational
4 x 1,000 MW
Reactor type
Cooling source
Volga River

Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant Location On Earth

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