Jebel Ali Port(Arabic:جبل علي) is a cargo port in Dubai, located on the northeast coast of the UAE, on the south side of the Persian Gulf.
The Mina Rashid Port opened in 1970, now it was the tourist port of Dubai.
In 1979, Jebel Ali Port opened. As a cargo port, Jebel Ali Port is already the largest free trade port in the Middle East.
They are all managed by DP World.
Dubai has a tropical desert climate, with northwest wind prevailing.
The annual average temperature is 20~30℃, and the highest temperature has reached 46℃. The annual average rainfall is about 100mm, with the most rainfall from December to February, accounting for about 2/3. Average tide height: high tide is 2m, low tide is 0.8m.
Jebel Ali Port, credited to the efforts of Rashid bin Saeed Al-Maktoum, was constructed in the late 1970s and opened in 1979 to supplement the facilities at Port Rashid. The village of Jebel Ali was constructed for port workers, and it has a population of 300 people.
Covering over 134 square kilometres (52 sq mi). It is home to over 5,000 companies from 180 countries and 140 ports of the world. With 67 berths and a size of 134.68 square kilometres (52.00 sq mi), Jebel Ali is the world’s largest man-made harbour and the biggest port in the Middle-East.
In 2017, the trade volume of Jebel Ali Port reached US$83.1 billion, equivalent to 29.4 million tons, the highest number since 2013, when the trade volume was 19.5 million tons, an increase of 9.9 million tons.
In terms of quantity, the annual growth rate reached 6%, in value terms it reached 4%, and exports and re-exports increased by 5%. The figures show that Jebel Ali Port’s contribution to Dubai’s total trade rose to 23%, accounting for 70% of the total value of the Dubai Free Trade Zone and 97% of the total volume of transactions in the Dubai Free Trade Zone.
In 2017, more than 77% of Jebel Ali Port’s total trade came from three areas: oil and gas, food, animal husbandry and agriculture, minerals, steel and building materials.
In terms of trade value, 76% comes from the following five areas: electronics, vehicles and transportation, general and retail trade, oil and gas, and machinery and equipment.
Dubai is a well-known global business metropolis in the Middle East. Because it is located in the main throat of communication between East and West, it is often used as the center of Eurasian economic activities. Dubai is not only a gateway to the Persian Gulf, but also an important gateway to countries in South Africa, India, Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
In order to make better use of its unique geographical advantages, the Dubai Municipal Government has vigorously promoted infrastructure construction related to the transportation industry since the 1970s, with port development and airport construction being the most important infrastructure projects.
In 1970, Dubai Rashid (Mina Rashid Port) was officially opened.
In 1979, the world’s largest artificial port, Dubai Jebel Ali Port began to be put into use.
After hard work, Dubai Jebelary Artificial Port has not only become the largest port in the Persian Gulf region, but also plays a decisive role in the world’s port and shipping industry.
In May 1991, Dubai set up a professional port management agency-Jebel Ali Port Authority (DPA) to implement unified management of Rushdah Port located in the downtown area of Dubai and Jebel Ali Port, 35 kilometers outside. Since then, the Jebel Ali Port Authority has played the role of locomotive in the economic activities of Dubai, and Jebel Ali Port has also entered an orderly and formal development path.
In 1999, Dubai Jebelary container throughput reached 3 million TEU, a record high. In the same year, there were approximately 10,200 ships calling at two ports in Dubai, of which 4,000 were container ships. Approximately 125 shipping companies pass through Dubai.
In 2014, 15 million containers were handled.
In 2016, the total trade volume of Jebel Ali Port exceeded USD 80.2 billion. Non-oil foreign trade increased by 17% to 27.9 million tons, compared with 23.9 million tons in 2015.
In 2017, the trade volume of Jebel Ali Port reached USD 83.1 billion.
From early 2019 to the end of the third quarter, 11 million containers were handled. Net profit reached 13.2 billion US dollars, higher than 12.7 billion US dollars in 2018.
Dubai has become one of the world’s major ports and has become the world’s leading transit trading port.
Features of Jebel Ali Port
In fact, Dubai’s functional positioning has far exceeded the original single port, because it is not only a transit center for the transportation of materials to the domestic market, but also plays an important role as a logistics base in the surrounding area.
The port of Jebel Ali has become the port most frequently visited by ships of the United States Navy outside the United States. Due to the depth of the harbour and size of the port facilities, a Nimitz-class aircraft carrier and several ships of the accompanying battle group can be accommodated pier-side.
Due to the frequency of these port visits, semi-permanent liberty facilities (referred to by service personnel as “The Sandbox”) have been erected adjacent to the carrier berth.
Jebel Ali Port’s goal
Jebel Ali Port’s long-term goal is to build Dubai into a global shipping hub similar to Hong Kong and Singapore in the Far East.
To this end, in the next 10 years, Dubai will continue to carry out the necessary port infrastructure construction and open a third artificial port.
At the same time, Dubai will also increase the technical content of port operations and introduce shipping systems and technologies including data processing, cargo monitoring, information transmission, terminal management and other functions, terminal management and other functions to create an information-based automatic port.
Jebel Ali Port’s port commission and terminal rates are among the lowest in the world(as of 2010), and have been among the top 10 container ports in the world since 2004. The main reason for Jebel Ali Port’s high volume growth is the increasing investment to improve terminal facilities to expand container throughput.
In order to attract more high-value-added products to be produced at Jebel Ali Port and to further stimulate port throughput, the UAE government has established a science and technology park, and its products can be exported to countries in South Asia and Africa.
In addition, Jebel Ali Port continued to simplify customs procedures and launched an electronic platform to facilitate customers to go through various procedures online, saving customers time.
Jebel Ali Port Data
- United Arab Emirates
- Near Persian Gulf, Dubai, UAE
- Official name
- جبل علي
- In use
- DP World
- Port type
- Deepwater seaport
- Artificial port, Free port
- Western Asia
- Sea area
- Persian Gulf
- Annual container volume
- 14.9 million TEU (2018)
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