Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport, is the largest international airport in France.
It opened in 1974 and is located in Roissy-en-France, 23 kilometers (14 miles) northeast of Paris, France. The airport covers an area of 32.38 square kilometers (12.50 square miles). It is named after the French statesman Charles de Gaulle.
In 2019, the airport handled 76,150,007 passengers and 498,175 aircraft. Charles de Gaulle is also the busiest airport in the European Union. The airport handled 2,150,950 metric tons of cargo in 2012.
The airport is operated by the Paris Aéroport brand, a subsidiary of Groupe ADP.
- In 1966, the planning and design of North Paris Airport began.
- On March 8, 1974, the airport was renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport and officially opened.
- In 1975, FRUTIGER font logo was used at the airport.
- On May 23, 2004, Terminal 2E collapsed. It was not until March 30, 2008 that Terminal 2E was completely reopened.
- On June 27, 2007, the No. 3 Satellite Hall was partially opened and was fully put into operation in September 2007.
- In 2008, the 2G terminal opened.
- On June 28, 2012, Satellite Hall 4 was officially opened.
- In April 2013, Terminal 2B was closed for complete renovation (all airlines moved to 2D) and will undergo upgrades, including the addition of a second floor dedicated to arrivals.
- On April 14, 2016, Groupe ADP launched the Connect 2020 corporate strategy and applied the commercial brand Paris Aéroport to all airports in Paris, including Le Bourget Airport.
The new Terminal 4 may be completed around 2025, when the maximum passenger capacity of Charles De Gaulle Airport will reach 80 million. After the completion of the new Terminal 4, it will be able to accommodate 300-400,000 passengers per year, most likely to be built north of Terminal 2E.
Charles de Gaulle Airport has 3 terminals:
- Terminal 1 is the oldest building, located opposite to Terminal 3.
- Terminal 2 is on the other side and has 7 sub-terminals (2A to 2G). Terminal 2 was originally built for Air France; since then, it has been greatly expanded and now hosts other airlines. The terminals 2A to 2F are interconnected by elevated walkways and are adjacent to each other. Terminal 2G is a satellite building connected by shuttle bus.
- Terminal 3 (formerly known as “Terminal 9”) offers charter flights and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL light rail shuttle goes to Terminal 2 to Terminal 1/3, their parking lot. For transfers between terminals and transportation to the center of Paris, please refer to Ground Transportation below.
The first terminal designed by Paul Andreu was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular terminal building with key functions such as check-in counters and luggage claim conveyor belts. Seven satellites with boarding gates are connected to the central building via an underground walkway.
There is a large skylight in the center of the central building, which sets each floor as a function.
The first floor is reserved for technical operations and is not open to the public.
The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the shuttle train platform between CDGVAL terminals (used for Terminal 2 and the train to the center of Paris) and the check-in counter after the recent renovation.
On the third floor, there are most of the check-in counters, and there are also taxi stands, bus stops and special shuttle buses.
On the fourth floor, there are duty-free shops and border control points for boarding gates.
The fifth floor contains the baggage claim conveyor belt for reaching passengers.
All four upper floors are allocated areas for parking lots and airline offices.
Terminal 2 is distributed on 7 sub-terminals: 2A to 2G. Terminals 2A to 2F are connected by a walkway between the terminals, but Terminal 2G is a satellite structure 800 meters (0.5 miles) away. Terminal 2G can only be accessed via the shuttle bus from Terminal 1, 2A to Terminal 2F and Terminal 3. CDGVAL terminal shuttle train, Paris RER regional express and high-speed TGV train station, Charles de Gaulle Airport 2 TGV, located in Terminal 2, between 2C and 2E (on one side) or 2D and 2F (on the other side) .
Terminal 2E collapsed
On May 23, 2004, shortly after the opening of Terminal 2E, part of it collapsed near the E50 gate, resulting in 4 deaths.
On March 17, 2005, ADP decided to demolish and rebuild the entire part of the 2E terminal (the “pier”), part of which has collapsed at a cost of approximately 100 million euros.
The terminal was completely reopened on March 30, 2008.
The 2G terminal opened in 2008. The terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus.
Hall L of Terminal 2E (Satellite 3)
The completion of the 750-meter (2,460-foot)-long Satellite 3 (or S3) east of terminals 2E and 2F provides more jets for large passenger aircraft (especially Airbus A380).
The existing infrastructure in terminals 2E and 2F can provide checked baggage and baggage handling services.
Satellite 3 was partially opened on June 27, 2007, and was fully operational in September 2007. It now corresponds to Gate L of Terminal 2E.
Terminal 2E, Hall M(Satellite 4)
Satellite S4, which is adjacent to S3 and located in a part of Terminal 2E, was officially opened on June 28, 2012. It now corresponds to Gate M in Terminal 2E.
Dedicated to long-distance flights, it can handle 16 aircraft simultaneously and is expected to accommodate 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening led to the relocation of all SkyTeam airlines to the 2E (International Carrier), 2F (Schengen European Carrier) and 2G terminals.
Terminal 3 is 1 km (0.62 miles) from Terminal 1, and it consists of a single building for entry and exit. There is no boarding gate in Terminal 3, and all passengers are transported to the aircraft stand by boarding buses.
Charles de Gaulle Airport Data
- Western Europe
- In use
- Official name
- Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle
- Other name
- Roissy Airport
- Roissy-en-France, France
- Groupe ADP
- Official website
- Groupe ADP
- Mar-08, 1974
- Airport type
- Airport code
- IATA: CDGICAO: LFPG
- Airport area
- 8001 acres / 32.38 km²
- Runway length
- 2*2,700 m,1*4,215 m, 1*4,2000 m
- Passenger traffic
- 76.1 million(2019)
- Freight volume
- 2,156,327 tons (2019)
- Takeoffs and landings
- 498,175 sorties
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